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Department of Nursing

Nursing, as an integral part of the health care system, encompasses the promotion of health, prevention of illness, and care of physically ill, mentally ill, and disabled people of all ages, in all health care and other community settings. Within this broad spectrum of health care, the phenomena of particular concern to nurses are individual, family, and group "responses to actual or potential health problems". These human responses range broadly from health restoring reactions to an individual episode of illness to the development of policy in promoting the long-term health of a population.

The unique function of nurses in caring for individuals, sick or well, is to assess their responses to their health status and to assist them in the performance of those activities contributing to health or recovery or to dignified death that they would perform unaided if they had the necessary strength, will, or knowledge and to do this in such a way as to help them gain full of partial independence as rapidly as possible. Within the total health care environment, nurses share with other health professionals and those in other sectors of public service the functions of planning, implementation, and evaluation to ensure the adequacy of the health system for promoting health, preventing illness, and caring for ill and disabled people.

The nursing field has experienced unprecedented growth in recent years, and is expected to continue for the foreseeable future. Though there are 100+ nursing specialties the 20 Best Nursing Career Specialties which are more popular are mentioned below.

1. Neonatal Nurse:

These professionals assist patients as they give birth and directly afterward. Some of these nurses work on labor and delivery or postpartum units, and monitor both the mothers and the babies in their care. Other neonatal nurses work in neonatal intensive care units, where newborn babies who are premature or ill can receive continuous care.

2. Nurse Midwife:

These advanced practice nurses guide patients through pregnancy and delivery, and they are often the primary provider for such clients. Nurse midwife is also one of the most in-demand nursing jobs.

3. Clinical Nurse:

Clinical Nurse Specialists (CNS) is an umbrella term for advanced practice nurses with many different specialties. They sometimes oversee clinical floors to ensure that all nurses use best practices. Unlike other nursing careers at this level, CNS professionals do not need prescription privileges in order to practice.

4. Critical Care Nurse:

Critical care nursing is a nursing field that defines itself by the hospital units in which they work. Critical care nurses help patients on critical care floors, which sometimes includes intensive care units and trauma floors. Unlike other nursing specialties, critical care nurses see sharp rises in salary averages throughout their careers.

5. Dialysis Nurse:

Patients suffering from kidney failure require regular dialysis to clean their blood. This process requires the attention of specialized nurses. Dialysis nurses assess patients before each procedure, ensure safety during the process, and perform assessments when the dialysis is complete. They may work in hospitals or outpatient dialysis centers.

6. Nurse Practitioner:

Nurse practitioners are advanced practice nurses with prescription writing privileges who can work in as many different specialties as physicians. They may concentrate on specific demographics, diseases, or departments within a hospital. Some serve as primary care practitioners for children or adults. As the need for medical providers grows, nurse practitioners remain in demand.

7. Health Policy Nurse:

An experienced healthcare worker with a deep understanding of the medical system, these nurses provide insight into how healthcare policy proposals may affect patients. Unlike different nursing specialties, health policy nurses do not treat patients directly. Instead, they work for government organizations and nonprofits to advocate for patients.

8. Informatics Nurse:

Informatics nurses work at the intersection of and technology. They leverage their knowledge of human health and experience in bedside nursing to determine how emerging technology can help patients. They advise hospitals, practitioners, and companies that develop new healthcare technology. These positions require excellent technical skills, including those that involve big data and networks.

9. Nurse Anesthetist:

Nurse anesthetists are advanced practice nurses who must hold master’s degrees in anesthesiology. They administer topical, regional, and general anesthesia as needed, and enjoy the same prescription rights as physicians. Nurse anesthesiology is one of the highest paying nursing specialties.

10. Nurse Educator:

Nurse educators use their first-hand experience and knowledge of medicine to train up-and-coming nurses. They work with hospitals and universities to design effective educational programs. Some focus on clinical hours for BSN students, while others teach courses at universities or create continuing education programs for practicing professionals.

11. Nurse Advocate:

These nurses communicate between patients and medical teams. They ensure high levels of care and intervene on behalf of patients whenever a problem arises. While all nurses advocate for patients, these specialized professionals exclusively do this work. These nurses typically work in hospitals and outpatient surgery centers.

12. Nurse Researcher:

Nurse researchers conduct studies and analyze data to innovate in healthcare. They can work for hospitals, research laboratories, clinics, or pharmaceutical companies. These nurses typically research topics that may affect nursing — such as ways to make it safer — but they do not carry out bedside nursing tasks.

13. Pain Management Nurse:

A pain management nurse assists and treats patients suffering from chronic or acute pain. With many living with some form of chronic pain, this is one of the most in-demand nursing jobs.

14. Psychiatric Nurse:

Psychiatric nurses assist patients with mental illnesses. They work in hospitals and in-patient care facilities to ensure that patients take their medications, stay safe from harm, and attend counseling sessions. They can also work with patients who have Alzheimer’s or dementia either through in-home care or skilled nursing facilities.

15. Trauma Nurse:

These specialized nurses work on the trauma units in hospitals. Their patients recover from physical traumas, including serious injuries from accidents. Some trauma nurses become advanced practice nurses or nurse practitioners within the specialty. These professionals can prescribe medications and earn more than many of their RN colleagues.

16. Travel Nurse:

As the title implies, travel nurses go from one facility to another, depending on the need. They travel between hospitals, clinics, private practices, and outpatient centers to fill staffing needs. These nurses can specialize in a specific type of practice, or be available to work in any role.

17. Pediatric Nurse:

Pediatric nurses help children in a variety of settings. They can work anywhere that children receive medical treatment, including pediatric hospitals, pediatric wings in traditional hospitals, and private practices.

18. Geriatric Nurse:

As baby boomers age and require more medical attention, geriatric nursing is one of the most in-demand nursing jobs. Geriatric nurses work in hospitals and skilled nursing facilities to care for patients in the golden years of their lives. They are skilled in areas such as memory care and end-of-life nursing.

19. Public Health Nurse:

While professionals in most nursing fields care for a few patients per shift, public health nurses look after whole communities. These professionals are employed by government agencies and hospitals to design and implement health campaigns that impact the surrounding areas or specific populations. Some public health nurses earn master’s degrees and work in management-level positions.

20. Oncology Nurse:

Oncology nurses work exclusively with patients who receive cancer treatments. These professionals assist with in-patient care for those who stay in hospitals or outpatient treatments, such as chemotherapy. They tend to work for hospitals, but can also find employment at private oncology practices. In addition to medication administration, oncology nurses educate patients about their illnesses.

Word from Head of the Department:

Welcome to the Nursing department at IMTU! Nurses provide a variety of services to their patients. In general, they help to prevent injury and disease, promote healthy living, and care for the sick. They provide direct care for their patients through administering medications, and assisting with convalescence and rehabilitation. Nurses help people improve and maintain health by creating and managing care plans for their patients. Nurses can either choose to specialize in an area or many are general nurses that perform a variety of duties as needed for the physician. Areas of specialty include surgical, neonatal, anesthetist, gynecological, and many others. Nurses often advance to become department heads and supervisors, managing over other nurses, setting standards of patient care, and even composing the department’s budget.

Nurses work in many different settings, including hospitals, clinics, nursing homes, schools, corporations and even patient homes. Home health and public health nurses travel more than other nurses, to patients’ homes, schools, and other sites. Nurses generally work eight hour shifts, but some hospitals have nurses work ten and twelve hour shifts for three or four days a week. Nurses in hospitals, and nursing and residential homes tend to work weekends, nights, and even holidays, and are often on-call.

Nurses are on their feet a lot at work and therefore must be in relatively good physical shape. They must also have good communication skills in order to deal effectively with patients by practicing good listening and giving clear directions to both patients and aides. A positive disposition and mental strength is essential to this position as it can be stressful and emotionally challenging to deal with human suffering and emergency situations on a day-to-day basis. A nurse should have a caring and sensitive nature in order to best care for patients.

We at IMTU offer BSc Nursing programme. This Undergraduate University course in nursing is organized in a way that allows its students to acquire basic knowledge and skills needed to provide nursing care within a multidisciplinary context of the modern health care. Apart from this we also offer the certificate and Diploma programmes in Nursing and Midwifery.

Vision & Mission:
  • Vision : We will be responsive and engaging leaders in nursing education and research in Tanzania by developing quality teaching, learning, and research environments. Our graduates will be skillful, caring, knowledgeable nurses who have a clear vision of the nursing discipline. They will strive for excellence in health care and the health and well-being of individuals, groups and communities, be prepared to collaborate with others, and be responsive to human diversity and equity in an effort to improve health for all.
  • Mission : The Department of Nursing provides leadership in teaching and learning in nursing, nursing research, and public engagement with the goal of promoting health and well-being of all individuals, groups and communities.
Core Values:
  • Excellence: We seek to achieve the highest possible quality in our educational programs and in our teaching, research, service and public engagement.
  • Innovation: We strive for innovation in teaching, research and public engagement, in order to involve students in learning and to advance knowledge in nursing education, research, and public engagement.
  • Responsiveness: We respond to the needs of our students and to changes in health care and in society.
  • Collaboration: We foster effective and dynamic relationships by sharing knowledge and expertise with clients, other health professionals and the community in a spirit of mutual respect to achieve common goals.
  • Partnerships: We work with our clinical partners and other academic units, to improve our programs and to enhance evidence-based nursing practice.
  • Collegiality: We strive for collegial relationships among faculty and staff members, students, research investigators, and all health professionals.
  • Responsibility: We have a responsibility to students, the university, and the community to provide quality programs, to assist the university in attaining its strategic plan, and to be efficient in our operations.
  • Respect: We create a respectful learning and working environment and demonstrate respect with students, faculty, staff, external partners, and ourselves.