Medical Microbiology, the large subset of microbiology that is applied to medicine, is a branch of medical science concerned with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of infectious diseases. In addition, this field of science studies various clinical applications of microbes for the improvement of health. There are four kinds of microorganisms that cause infectious disease: bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses, and one type of infectious protein called prion. A medical microbiologist studies the characteristics of pathogens, their modes of transmission, mechanisms of infection and growth. Using this information, a treatment can be devised. Medical microbiologists often serve as consultants for physicians, providing identification of pathogens and suggesting treatment options. Other tasks may include the identification of potential health risks to the community or monitoring the evolution of potentially virulent or resistant strains of microbes, educating the community and assisting in the design of health practices. They may also assist in preventing or controlling epidemics and outbreaks of disease. Not all medical microbiologists study microbial pathology; some study common, non-pathogenic species to determine whether their properties can be used to develop antibiotics or other treatment methods.
Medical Microbiology, generally speaking, is the branch of Medical Microbiology that is concerned with the study of parasites. In the process, it gives focus to various characteristics of the parasite (morphology, life-cycle, ecology, taxonomy, etc), the type of host they infect/affect and the relationship between the two. In parasitology, parasites have traditionally been restricted to three main groups that include protozoa, helminths, and arthropods. However, they are also described based on where they are located on the host: Ectoparasites (those that live on the host- skin, etc) and endoparasites (those that live inside the body of the host). As a sub-discipline that studies a wide variety of organisms and relationship with their hosts, parasitology also encompasses some elements of such fields as entomology, helminthology, and epidemiology among others.
Welcome to the Department of Microbiology & Parasitology! Microbiology and Parasitology is a medical specialty that has been expanding and reaffirming its identity and abilities from the moment of its creation, gaining top-class scientific and professional prestige and major international recognition. The work of microbiologists also has a direct impact on the health of the community and their work is the most reliable source for discovering the origins of infectious diseases and the ever-changing microbial populations while identifying new pathogens and documenting patterns of resistance of microorganisms to anti-microbial agents.
The main objective of the Microbiology & Parasitology Department is to provide all the necessary information for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of infectious diseases, using the latest scientific advances in the fields of bacteriology, virology, mycology and parasitology. In addition to using the classic culture, antibiogram, serology methods etc., it also uses the latest generation of molecular biology techniques, such as nucleic acid amplification, detection, quantification, sequentiation and phylogenetic analysis.
The department offers courses which are taught for MBBS, BSc Nursing & BSc Medical Laboratory Technology students and also to MMed students specializing in Internal Medicine, Paediatrics & Child Health, Obstetrics & Gynaecology and Surgery. It introduces the basic principles of microbiology including: classification and taxonomy, microbial physiology, the host-parasite relationship, and the epidemiological concepts. Also covered are the epidemiology, symptomology, pathogenesis, laboratory diagnosis, and therapy of the major bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitic pathogens. The laboratory portion of the course includes laboratory methods in bacteriology, virology, mycology, and parasitology.
To train quality healthcare professionals, carry out creative, innovative and inventive research, and provide reliable diagnostic services in the field of medical microbiology and Parasitology.
To provide diagnostic service effectively as measured by cost and turn-around time.
To develop compassionate, ethically sound health professionals and provide service of the highest order across the health care continuum, through: